Oral health is when you are free from any form of mouth pain, tooth loss, oral infection, gum disease and all the other diseases that have the capability of hindering one’s ability to speak, smile, chew or even bite. Some key oral health facts according to the World Health Organization;
• 60-90% of all school children worldwide and nearly 100% of adults all have dental cavities
• Severe gum diseases that lead to tooth loss is found in 15-20% middle-aged adults
• 30% of people who are between 65 and 74 have no natural teeth
The major causes of these conditions are very harmful intake of alcohol, unhealthy diet, poor oral hygiene excessive tobacco use and many other determinates. It is also a key fact from WHO that bad oral health is most common amongst children and adults who are poor or disadvantaged. There are a lot ways to maintain good oral health and prevent cavities but below are 4 of them;
1. Maintain a constant level of fluoride in the oral cavity
The presence of Fluoride is necessary in the oral cavity because it stops demineralization which causes cavities. But when there is a constant intake of products that can help boost the presence of fluoride (which causes remineralisation), this strengthens the teeth and the enamels start getting resistant, which prevents the decay process. Constantly taking fluoridated drinking water, fluoridated mouth rinse, salt, toothpaste, and milk can help build the fluoride level.
2. Ensure Proper Oral Hygiene
The most common way to ensure proper oral hygiene is by brushing regularly and as recommended by your dentist. But in truth, if you can’t brush as frequently as some dentists say, you can try to brush at least twice every day. If you can, then trying brushing after every meal. There are manually operated toothbrushes and electronic toothbrushes, but choices vary based on personal preferences. Reviews can be checked on best manually operated toothbrushes and best electronic toothbrushes, to help with our decisions. As it is not always easy for people to keep track of their brushing habits, there are electronic brushes that come with the added functionality of keeping track of our brushing habits. What we put into our mouths have the most effect, like coffee and tobacco for instance, are known to stain the teeth; so proper care is necessary to reduce or even prevent these stains.
3. Increase intake of fruits and vegetables
Regular intake of fruits and vegetables help provide our system with nutrients that are necessary for healthy teeth and oral health. Calcium helps make not only our bones but our teeth stronger and Vitamin D helps our body get the necessary amount of calcium that is needed. So, in whatever you do, for healthy teeth/gum, for improved dental and oral health; fruits and vegetables are necessary. Sugar, alcohol and tobacco should be cut down because apart from discolouring of the teeth, they can cause tooth decay, tooth loss, oral decay, gum disease, and many more.
4. Always wear protective gear
It is always advisable to use protective gear if you are involved in any kind of sporting activity to help reduce facial injuries that may harm the teeth. Also when in an environment that is somewhat unsafe such as factories, we should ensure we have the appropriate protective facial gear.
With strict adherence to these practices listed above, dental and oral health will be improved. But it is also much advised to visit a dentist regularly for check-up and other professional tips